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2021 Vol.17, Issue 2 Preview Page

Original Article

June 2021. pp. 206-217
Abstract
Purpose: Recently, a series of large social disasters have led to a lot of research to prevent social disasters as well as natural disasters and reduce damage. However, this paper aims to select the types of social disasters that local governments should focus on and create basic data for effective countermeasures and mitigation efforts. Method: Among 43 types of disasters announced by the Ministry of Public Administration and Security, 11 types of disasters were selected and collected to select the main types of disasters, and risk types were derived by region with risk maps. In order to derive the risk map, each detailed index was rescheduled to be 0-1 and weights were determined through entropy technique. Result: As a result, about 41% of the major disasters announced by the Ministry of Public Administration and Security were consistent, and the rest of the major types were disasters that could not be obtained or have not occurred in the past 20 years. Conclusion: Therefore, in order to establish an effective prevention and recovery plan for social disasters through this study, it was intended to present social disaster-focused disasters for each local government.
연구목적: 최근 대형 사회재난이 잇따라 발생하면서 자연재난 뿐만 아니라 사회재난을 예방하고 피해를 저감하기 위해 많은 연구가 진행되고 있다. 하지만 연구 중 대부분이 일부 사회재난만을 다루고 있기 때문에 본 논문에서는 지자체에서 중점적으로 다루어야 할 사회재난 유형을 선정하여 효과적인 대책마련을 위한 기초자료를 만들고자 하였다. 연구방법: 행정안전부에서 고시하고 있는 43종 재난 중 중복 또는 발생 이력이 없는 재난 등을 제외한 후 중점유형을 선정하기 위해 11종의 재난유형을 선정하여 데이터를 수집하였으며 위험지도로 지역별 위험유형을 도출하였다. 위험지도를 도출하기 위해서 각 세부지표를 리스케일링하여 0 ~ 1로 정규화를 하였으며 엔트로피 기법을 통해 가중치를 결정하였다. 연구결과: 그 결과 행정안전부에서 고시하고 있는 중점재난과 약 41%가 일치하였으며 나머지 중점 유형은 원자력사고, 공동구 사고 등 정보를 취득할 수 없거나 최근 20년 동안 발생하지 않은 재난이었다. 결론: 따라서 본 연구를 통해 사회재난의 효과적인 예방 및 복구계획을 수립하기 위해 지자체별 사회재난 중점재난을 제시하고자 하였다.
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Information
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 17
  • No :2
  • Pages :206-217