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2024 Vol.20, Issue 1 Preview Page

Original Article

31 March 2024. pp. 69-81
Purpose: Recently, there has been a movement to guarantee the right to watch sports for the disabled. However, the sports stadium is designed without considering the wheelchair users, so the right to move in the stadium is not secured. Restrictions on the movement of the disabled make the evacuation vulnerable in an emergency. This study aims to develop a plan to ensure the safety of movement and evacuation of wheelchair users by conducting simulations targeting indoor sports stadiums. Method: The simulation was performed by constructing a scenario with the shape of the stands as a variable. The effect of the installation of wheelchair seats on evacuation was confirmed. Result: The results according to whether wheelchair seats are installed, the evacuation route of wheelchair movement, and whether wheelchair seats are separately arranged were compared. The impact of wheelchair seat installation on evacuation and its characteristics were derived. As a result, upward and separation seat was the most vulnerable to evacuation. Conclusion: A plan to secure evacuation performance was derived for the top floors of upward and separation seat. It is judged that the content can be use as a way to secure the safety of movement and evacuation of the disabled in sports stadiums.
연구목적: 최근 장애인의 스포츠관람권을 보장하기 위한 움직임이 나타나고 있다. 하지만 휠체어 사용자를 고려하지 않은 경기장 설계로, 경기장 내 이동권이 확보되지 않은 실정이다. 장애인의 이동 제약은 비상시 대피를 취약하게 만든다. 본 연구에서는 실내 스포츠경기장을 대상으로 피난시뮬레이션을 실행하여 휠체어 탑승 관중의 이동 및 피난 안전성 확보 방안을 마련하고자 한다. 연구방법: 관중석 형태를 변수로 시나리오를 구성하여 시뮬레이션을 실행하였다. 휠체어 좌석 설치가 피난에 미치는 영향을 확인하였다. 연구결과: 휠체어 좌석의 설치 여부, 휠체어 이동 대피 경로, 휠체어 좌석의 분리 배치 여부 등에 따른 결과를 비교하였다. 휠체어 좌석 설치가 피난에 미치는 영향과 그 특징을 도출하였다. 그 결과, 상부진입 및 분리형 좌석이 피난에 가장 취약하였다. 결론: 상부진입 및 분리형 좌석의 최상층을 대상으로 한 피난 성능 확보 방안을 도출하였다. 해당 내용이 스포츠경기장 내 장애인의 이동 및 피난 안전성 확보 방안으로 활용될 수 있다고 판단한다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 20
  • No :1
  • Pages :69-81