All Issue

2024 Vol.20, Issue 1 Preview Page

Original Article

31 March 2024. pp. 40-46
Purpose: In this study, in order to ensure the evacuation safety of plant facilities, we analyze the relationship between the height of smoke removal boundary walls, the presence or absence of smoke removal equipment, and evacuation safety. Method: Using fire and evacuation simulations, evacuation safety was analyzed through changes in the height of the smoke removal boundary wall, air supply volume and exhaust volume according to vertical dista. Result: In the case of visible drawings, if only 0.6m of boundary wall is used, the time below 5m reaches the shortest, and 1.2m of boundary width is 20% longer than when using smoke removal facilities. In the case of temperature, 1.2m is 20% longer than 0.6m when only the boundary width is used without smoke removal facilities. Conclusion: It was found that increasing the length of the smoke removal boundary wall could affect visibility, and installing a smoke removal facility would affect temperature. Therefore, it is determined that an appropriate smoke removal plan and smoke removal equipment should be installed in consideration of the process characteristics.
연구목적: 본 연구는 플랜트 시설물의 피난 안전성을 확보하기 위해 제연경계벽의 폭 및 제연설비의 유무와 피난 안전성과의 관계를 분석하고자 한다. 연구방법: 화재 및 피난 시뮬레이션을 활용하여 제연경계 벽의 폭, 수직거리에 따른 급기량, 배기량의 변화를 통해 피난 안전성을 분석 하였다. 연구결과: 가시도의 경우 경계벽 0.6m 만을 사용한 경우 5m 이하로 되는 시점이 가장 짧게 도달하였으며 제연경계 폭 1.2m와 제연설비를 사용한 경우와 비교하여 20%긴 것으로 나타났다. 온도의 경우 제연설비를 사용하지 않고 경계 폭만 사용하였을 때 0.6m 보다 1.2m가 20% 긴 것으로 확인되었다. 결론: 제연 경계벽에서는 온도를, 제연설비에서는 가시도의 영향을 줄일 수 있으나, 반대로 제연 경계벽의 길이를 길게 하였을 때 가시도의 영향을 줄 수 있으며, 제연설비를 설치하였을 때 온도의 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서, 공정 특성을 고려하여 적합한 제연계획과 제연 설비를 설치해야 할 것으로 판단된다.
  1. Choi, S.G. (2018). "A study on the smoke control design parameter of large volume space by fire dynamic simulation." Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 19, No. 11, pp. 237-243.
  2. Kim, D., Jeong, J., Park, S., Go, J., Yeom, C. (2020). "A study on the application of optimal evacuation route through evacuation simulation system in case of fire." Journal of the Society of Disaster Information, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 96-110.
  3. Kim, M.S., Baek, E.S. (2017). "A study on improvenment of livingroom smoke-control system using the FDS." Fire Science and Engineering, Vol. 31, No. 04, pp. 26-34. 10.7731/KIFSE.2017.31.4.026
  4. Lee, S.G., Min, S.H. (2023). "A model experiment study to secure the straight line distance between the air inlet and exhaust section of the living room." Journal of the Society of Disaster Information, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 439-450.
  5. Nam, G.T., Lee, D.H., Choi, D.C. (2022). "Fire risk analysis of petrochemical plant facilities through fire modeling." Fire Science and Engineering, Vol. 36, No. 06, pp. 131-141. 10.7731/KIFSE.c82625b9
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 20
  • No :1
  • Pages :40-46