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2020 Vol.16, Issue 4 Preview Page

Original Article

December 2020. pp. 824-831
Abstract
Purpose: In fire case, nursing hospitals are subject to considerable restrictions on evacuation due to the characteristics of occupants and vulnerable elements of buildings, it is important to make evacuation device for vulunerabale person, and need how to intend to increase the efficiency of evacuation by fire and evacuation simulation with helper Method: The smoke characteristics were analyzed by time through fire simulation, finally, the number of helpers according to the day and night was entered, and the evacuation completion time was compared and analyzed using the evacuation simulation. Result: It was found that the evacuation time was shortened by more than 20% when the evacuation assistance device was used for the vulnerable, and the evacuation time was delayed by almost 70% in case of a fire at night compared to the daytime. Conclusion: If the horizontal and vertical evacuation device are effectively utilized in actual fire situations, a strategy appropriate to the situation is deemed necessary. It is expected that evacuation efficiency will increase based on the use of horizontal evacuation evacuation device and vertical evacuation device by developing evacuation manuals.
연구목적: 화재 발생 시 요양병원은 재실자 특성, 건물의 취약요소 등으로 인해 피난하는데 상당한 제약이 따르며, 요양병원 내 환자를 대피시킬 수 있는 제품 개발을 하여 피난의 효율을 높이고자 한다. 인공지능 기반 자율주행형 재난약자 대피 도움장치를 개발하였고, 효율적으로 사용하기 위해 화재 및 피난 시뮬레이션에 활용하였으며, 환자 대피를 돕는 조력자에 대한 분석을 연구하고자 한다. 연구방법: 화재시뮬레이션을 통해 시간 별 연기 성상 분석을 하였으며, 최종적으로 주간 야간에 따른 조력자수를 입력하고, 피난시뮬레이션을 활용하여 피난 완료 시간을 비교 분석하였다. 연구결과: 재난약자 대피 도움장치를 활용하였을 경우 대피 시간은 20%이상 단축이 되는 것을 알 수 있었으며, 주간 대비 야간의 화재 발생 시 대피 시간은 70% 가까이 늦어짐을 알 수 있었다. 결론: 수평·수직 대피 도움장치를 실제 화재 상황에서 효율적으로 활용할 경우 상황에 맞는 전략이 필요할 것으로 판단된다. 추후 화재 상황별 시나리오에 따른 대피 매뉴얼을 개발함으로써, 수평 대피 도움장치 및 수직 대피 도움장치에 대한 활용에 대한 내용을 바탕으로 피난의 효율성이 증대될 것으로 기대된다.
References
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Information
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 16
  • No :4
  • Pages :824-831