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2020 Vol.16, Issue 4 Preview Page

Original Article

December 2020. pp. 734-746
Abstract
Purpose: Increase in the size and number of underpasses rises occurrence of disasters such as fire and flooding inundation in underpasses. In the occurrence of disasters, the underpasses are more vulnerable to expose of crucial disasters than the general roads due to they are built underground. Therefore, The purpose of this paper is to derive system improvement items to prevent and control disasters in underpasses. Method: A hierarchical model of disaster impact factors and alternatives was developed based on prior researches and expert advices on disaster analyses and impact factors in the underpasses. The developed model was employed for surveys of pairwise comparison, and rankings of improvement were determined by applying the AHP method. Result: With a consistency of the surveys, results of relative weights of evaluation criteria(traffic accidents, fire, flooding inundation) and alternatives(law, system/planning, maintenance/human factor/environment) shows that improvement of laws and system related to the fire disaster is a top priority to prevent and control disaster of the underpasses. Conclusion: From experts’ point of view, strengthening laws and systems related to disater prevention facilities such as water spray facilities, external(ground) exit in relation to fire in underpasses showed that it is an alternative to prevent disasters and minimize damage to underpasses.
연구목적: 지하차도의 설치 규모, 개수의 증가로 지하차도 내 화재, 침수 등의 재해가 증가하는 추세이다. 지하차도는 지하에 건설되어 재해 발생 시 일반도로 대비 피해가 크고 공용 중 재해 노출 가능성이 크다. 따라서 지하차도 내 재해를 예방·제어하기 위한 시스템 개선사항을 도출하는 데 목적이 있다. 연구방법: 본 연구에서는 지하차도 내 재해 분석 및 영향요소에 관한 선행연구와 전문가 자문을 토대로 재해 영향요소 및 대안을 계층 구조화한 모형을 개발하였다. 개발된 모형은 전문가를 상대로 쌍대비교 형태의 설문에 활용하고, 개선순위 결정 등을 위해 AHP분석 기법을 사용 하였다. 연구결과: 설문조사는 일관성을 확보하였고, 재해(교통사고, 화재, 침수)와 대안(법, 제도/계획, 설계, 유지관리/인적/환경)을 상대로 가중치 등을 분석한 결과, 지하차도 재해 예방·제어를 위해 화재에 관한 법, 제도 분야 시스템개선이 최우선으로 필요한 것으로 확인되었다. 결론: 전문가 견지에서 볼 때 지하차도 내 화재 관련하여 물분무시설, 외부(지상)대피통로와 같은 방재시설과 관계된 법, 제도를 강화하는 것이 지하차도 재해 예방 및 피해 최소화의 대안임을 보여 주었다.
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Information
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 16
  • No :4
  • Pages :734-746