All Issue

2024 Vol.20, Issue 1 Preview Page

Original Article

31 March 2024. pp. 213-221
Purpose: The purpose is to find the optimal way to quickly block the leak in the event of a leak accident in a tank lorry transporting hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, a hazardous chemical, and to carry out effective disaster prevention work to minimize damage caused by the leak. Method: We organized the overall characteristics of hydrochloric acid and accidents that occurred during transportation by accident type and cause, and created a small tank that can be tested assuming a leak situation in a hydrochloric acid tanker, creating an environment similar to the leak situation, and leaking in various ways. I would like to experiment and organize blocking methods. Result: Through experiments, an effective leak blocking method was confirmed. We would like to summarize measures to quickly block a leak in the event of a leak and present the optimal disaster prevention plan that can be applied at the accident site. Conclusion: It has been confirmed that using a combination of adhesive tape and magnets is more effective in blocking leaks. Rapid response is possible by repeatedly training business emergency response teams and product transporters to appropriately select and respond to leak-blocking equipment. Additional research on various leak prevention methods is needed in the future.
연구목적: 유해화학물질인 염산수용액 운송 탱크로리 누출사고 발생 시 신속하게 누출을 차단하고, 효과적으로 방재작업을 진행하여 누출로 인한 피해를 최소화하는 최적의 방안을 찾고자 하는 데 있다. 연구방법: 염산에 대한 전반적인 특성과 운송 도중 발생했었던 사고사례를 사고 유형별, 원인별로 정리하고, 염산 탱크로리의 누출 상황을 가정하여 실험할 수 있는 소형 탱크를 만들어 누출 상황과 비슷한 환경을 구성하여 여러 가지 방법으로 누출 차단 방법을 실험하여 정리하고자 한다. 연구결과: 실험을 통하여 효과적인 누출 차단 방법을 확인하였다. 누출사고 발생 시 신속하게 차단하는 방안을 정리하여, 사고 현장에서 적용할 수 있는 최적의 방재방안을 제시하고자 한다. 결론: 누출 차단은 접착테이프와 자석을 조합하여 사용하는 편이 차단에 효과적인 것으로 확인됐다. 사업장 비상 출동팀 및 제품 운송기사들에게 누출 차단 장비를 적절하게 선택하여 대응하도록 반복 훈련하면 신속한 대응이 가능하다. 향후 다양한 누출 차단 방안에 관한 추가적인 연구의 진행이 필요하다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 20
  • No :1
  • Pages :213-221