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2019 Vol.15, Issue 3 Preview Page
September 2019. pp. 358-366
Abstract
Purpose: This paper aims to clarify the problems and to examine the improvement methods by investigating the management condition of local-designated cultural property of which management is relatively poor in comparison with state-designated cultural heritage. Method: In order to grasp the management situation of the local-designated cultural heritage, a research on cultural heritage management situation and problems will be carried out with 35 cultual heritages in Goryeong-gun. Also, the improvement methods about the property type vulnerability on the basis of interview with cultual property managers, fire-fighting officers and civil servants, etc. Results: Local cultural heritages were investigated to be very vulnerable to the fire of wooden buildings, the theft of movable cultural heritages, and the effects of wind and water damage. It is because cultural heritages are scattered over wide areas fundamentally. As the result, it has difficulty in the patrols of police officers and fire fighters, and in the situation that it lacks disaster monitoring and CCTV for countermeasures to replace them, electronic security including fire hydrant, sensors, etc and fire extinguishing facilities and so on. It is difficult for local governments managing local-designated cultural heritages to enhance their management systems directly due to their lack of budget and manpower. Conclusion: In order to strengthen disaster and safety management system for the cultural heritages designated by local governments, they have to clarify disaster countermeasure task of fire fighting, police, and cultural heritage managers prepare their manuals, and systematize them through disaster drill mainly in local autonomous governments. Also, so as to establish a surveillance system every day, they have to enhance the community for local cultural heritage manage consisting of local volunteer fire departments, local voluntary disaster prevention organizations, volunteers, etc.
연구목적: 본 논문은 국가지정문화재와 비교해 상대적으로 관리가 취약한 시도지정문화재의 관리 실태에 대한 조사를 통해 문제점을 명확히 하고 개선방안을 검토하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 연구방법: 시도지정 문화제의 관리 실태를 파악하기 위하여 고령군의 35종 문화재를 대상으로 문화재 관리 현황 및 문제점에 대한 조사를 실시한다. 또한, 문화재 관리인, 소방 및 행정 공무원 등에 대한 면담조사를 바탕으로 문화재 유형별 취약요소에 대한 개선방안을 고찰한다. 연구결과: 지방문화재의 경우 목조건축물 화재, 동산문화재의 도난 그리고 풍수해의 영향에 매우 취약한 것으로 조사되었다. 근본적으로 문화재가 넓은 지역에 분산되어 있기 때문이다. 그 결과, 경찰관 및 소방관의 순찰에 한계가 있으며, 이를 대체할 수 있는 재난 모니터링 및 대응을 위한 CCTV, 소화전, 감지기 등의 기계경비 및 소화설비 등이 매우 부족한 실정이다. 또한 지자체는 예산 및 인력 부족으로 직접적으로 관리체계를 강화하는 것이 어려운 것으로 조사 되었다. 결론: 시도지정 문화재에 대한 재난안전 관리체계 강화를 위해서는 지방자치단체를 중심으로 소방, 경찰 그리고 문화재 관리인의 재난대응 단계별 업무를 명확히 하여 매뉴얼을 작성하고 훈련을 통해 체계화 하여야 한다. 또한, 평상시의 감시체계 구축을 위하여 지역의 의용소방대, 자율방재단 그리고 자원봉사자 등으로 구성된 지역 문화재관리 커뮤니티를 강화해 나가야 한다.
References
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Information
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 15
  • No :3
  • Pages :358-366