All Issue

2023 Vol.19, Issue 4 Preview Page

Original Article

31 December 2023. pp. 916-923
Purpose: Looking at the status of fatal accidents in the construction industry in the 2022 Industrial Accident Status Supplementary Statistics, 27.8% of all fatal accidents in the construction industry are caused by construction equipment. In order to overcome the limitations of tours and inspections caused by the enlargement of sites and high-rise buildings, we plan to build a model that can extract construction equipment using computer vision technology and analyze the model's accuracy and field applicability. Method: In this study, deep learning is used to learn image data from excavators, dump trucks, and mobile cranes among construction equipment, and then the learning results are evaluated and analyzed and applied to construction sites. Result: At site ‘A’, objects of excavators and dump trucks were extracted, and the average extraction accuracy was 81.42% for excavators and 78.23% for dump trucks. The mobile crane at site ‘B’ showed an average accuracy of 78.14%. Conclusion: It is believed that the efficiency of on-site safety management can be increased and the risk factors for disaster occurrence can be minimized. In addition, based on this study, it can be used as basic data on the introduction of smart construction technology at construction sites.
연구목적: 2022년 산업재해 현황 부가통계에서 건설업 사망사고자 현황을 보면 건설업 전체 사망사고자의 27.8%가 건설장비로 인해 발생하고 있다. 현장 대형화, 고층화 등으로 발생하는 순회 및 점검의 한계를 극복하기 위해 컴퓨터 비전 기술을 활용해 건설장비를 추출할 수 있는 모델을 구축하고 해당 모델의 정확도 및 현장 적용성에 대해 분석하고자 한다. 연구방법: 본 연구에서는 건설장비 중 굴착기, 덤프트럭, 이동식 크레인의 이미지 데이터를 딥러닝 학습시킨 뒤 학습 결과를 평가 및 분석하고 건설현장에 적용하여 분석한다. 연구결과: ‘A’ 현장에서는 굴착기 및 덤프트럭의 객체를 추출하였으며, 평균 추출 정확도는 굴착기 81.42%, 덤프트럭 78.23%를 나타냈다. ‘B’ 현장의 이동식 크레인은 78.14%의 평균 정확도를 보여줬다. 결론: 현장 안전관리의 효율성이 증가할 수 있고, 재해발생 위험요인을 최소화 할 수 있을것이라 본다. 또한, 본 연구를 기반으로 건설현장에 스마트 건설기술 도입에 관한 기초적인 자료로 활용이 가능하다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 19
  • No :4
  • Pages :916-923