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2023 Vol.19, Issue 4 Preview Page

Original Article

31 December 2023. pp. 788-805
Purpose: This study aimed to verify the impact of Habitat for Humanity Korea's disaster risk reduction intervention on the mental health and satisfaction with life among residents of southern Bangladesh who had constantly suffered from disaster stress due to perennial flooding. Method: The target group was 138 residents who were pre-surveyed in August 2020 and post-surveyed in November 2021. The interventions consisted of individual incremental housing, public facilities for evacuation, and disaster response training for capacity development. The data were analysed using paired sample t-tests for pre-post changes and one-way analysis of variance to identify differences between treatment groups. Result: The results showed significant improvements in residents' depression, anxiety, somatisation and satisfaction with life after the intervention, with significant differences in mental health levels between the intervention treatments. Specifically, relatively higher disaster mitigation effects were found for individual infrastructure improvements and employment facilities compared to disaster response drills. Conclusion: These results demonstrate the positive role of Habitat for Humanity Korea's disaster risk reduction interventions on the mental health recovery of disaster victims and suggest practical approaches that can be applied in disaster risk areas.
연구목적: 본 연구는 우기의 상습 침수로 인해 지속적으로 재난 스트레스를 경험한 방글라데시 남부 거주민들을 대상으로 (사)한국 해비타트의 재난위기경감 개입이 수혜자들의 정신건강 및 삶의 만족도에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 검증하고자 하였다. 연구방법: 이를 위해 개입대상지역에 거주하는 138명의 성인 남녀를 대상으로 2020년 8월 사전조사 및 2021년 11월 사후조사를 수행하였다. 중재적 개입은 개별 점진주택 제공, 공용인프라시설 개보수, 재난대응훈련을 통한 역량개발로 구성되었다. 자료분석방법으로는 사전-사후의 변화에 대한 대응표본 t-test와 처치집단 간의 차이를 밝히기 위한 일원분산분석을 사용하였다. 연구결과: 분석결과, 개입 후 거주민의 우울, 불안, 신체화 및 삶의 질 모두에서 유의한 향상이 나타났으며, 개입 처치에 따른 정신건강 수준에서도 유의한 차이를 보였다. 구체적으로 재난대응훈련과 대비하여 개별 점진주택 제공과 공용인프라시설 개보수에서 상대적으로 높은 효과가 확인되었다. 결론: 이러한 결과는 (사)한국 해비타트의 재난위기경감 개입이 재난 피해자의 정신건강 회복에 미치는 긍정적 역할을 입증하였으며, 이를 바탕으로 재난취약 개도국 대상의 위험 지역에서 적용할 수 있는 실제적 개입방식을 제안하였다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 19
  • No :4
  • Pages :788-805