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2023 Vol.19, Issue 4 Preview Page

Original Article

31 December 2023. pp. 770-778
Purpose: In order to reduce forklift industrial accidents, it is necessary to classify them into institutional, technical, and educational factors and conduct research on whether each factor affects disaster reduction. Method: Descriptive statistical analysis, validity analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression analysis were conducted using SPSS 18 program based on an offline questionnaire based on a 5-point Likert scale. Result: As a result of multiple regression analysis, it was found that institutional, technical, and educational factors, which are independent variables for disaster reduction, explain about 62.5% of the variance in disaster prevention, which is the dependent variable. The regression model verification was found to be statistically significant with F=118.775 and significance probability p<0.01. Conclusion: First, there is a need to prevent disasters by including electric forklifts weighing less than 3 tons in the inspection system. Second, there is a need to make it mandatory to install front and rear cameras and forklift line beams to prevent forklift collision disasters. Third, there is a need to conduct special training related to forklifts every year, and drivers and nearby workers need to be included in the special training for forklifts.
연구목적: 지게차 산업재해 감소를 위해 제도적, 기술적, 교육적인 요인들로 구분하여 각 요인이 재해감소에 영향을 미치는가에 관한 연구가 필요하다. 연구방법: 리커트 5점 척도를 기반으로 한 오프라인 설문지를 바탕으로 SPSS 18 프로그램을 사용하여 기술통계 분석, 타당도 분석, 신뢰도 분석 및 다중 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과: 다중 회귀분석 결과 재해감소에 대한 독립 변수인 제도적, 기술적, 교육적 요인이 종속변수인 재해 예방 분산의 약 62.5%를 설명하는 것으로 나타났다. 회귀모형 검증은 F=118.775, 유의확률 p<0.01로 통계적으로 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 결론: 첫째, 3톤 미만 전동식 지게차를 검사제도에 포함하여 재해를 예방할 필요가 있다. 둘째, 지게차 충돌 재해를 예방하기 위한 전·후방 카메라 설치와 지게차 라인 빔(Line Beam) 설치를 의무화할 필요가 있다. 셋째, 지게차 관련 특별교육을 매년 시행할 필요가 있고, 운전자 및 인근 근로자를 지게차 특별교육 대상에 포함할 필요가 있다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Disaster Information
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국재난정보학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국재난정보학회논문집
  • Volume : 19
  • No :4
  • Pages :770-778